Automation can enhance these critical distribution tasks' speed, cost, and accuracy, resulting in increased dependability and cost savings for consumers.
Fremont, CA: Modernization of the power system is proceeding at a steady rate. Modern control and automation systems can result in considerable energy savings, environmental protection, and improved quality of life through increasing inhabitants' health and safety. Energy distribution automation automates functions such as electric power generation and switching, real-time adjustments to load changes, monitoring and management of outages, over-and under-voltages, and power factor correction by combining digital sensors and switches with advanced control and communication technologies.
Automation can enhance these critical distribution tasks' speed, cost, and accuracy, resulting in increased dependability and cost savings for consumers. Control of field equipment is required to enable automated decision-making in the field and send vital information to the utility control center.
Designing for energy automation raises concerns about energy efficiency, solution size, system safety, and the dependability of the electronics employed. It whitepaper examines the megatrends behind the expansion of energy distribution automation and the accompanying system issues, from networking protocols to hardware. It then looks at novel methods for power management of field devices used in energy applications through a series of case studies.
Challenges you may face in smart grid
Field sensor applications
Current, voltage, power, and temperature sensors strategically deployed throughout the distribution network provide various benefits, including identifying fault sites and causes to help faster restoration operations and preventative steps to minimize future unexpected outages. An intelligent sensor detects faults, collects important power quality data for day-to-day grid management, and aids renewable energy integration by detecting and reporting reverse power flows.
Sensors may get placed in any location on the field. A front-end transceiver processes data and sends power to a step-down voltage regulator in the sensor "box." It provides the necessary power to the ASIC/microcontroller/FPGA, sensor element, and communication device. Wireless or powerline communication get used by a smart-grid sensor or an overhead powerline sensor.